Cipro (Ciprofloxacin) from Maple Leaf Medications.
( Affordable Generic Alternatives )
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What is Cipro used for?
Cipro, with the generic name ciprofloxacin hydrochloride, is an oral medication indicated to treat bacterial infections. Cipro is prescribed for skin and skin structure infections, bone and joint infections, complicated intra-abdominal infections, infectious diarrhea, typhoid fever or enteric fever, uncomplicated cervical and urethral gonorrhea, chronic bacterial prostatitis, lower respiratory infections, UTI or urinary tract infections, and acute sinusitis. However, this type of medication could only be used for infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacterial and could not be used for virus infections.
This is available in Cipro 500 mg and Cipro 250 mg tablets.
How does Cipro work?
This fluoroquinolone antibacterial has a bactericidal action which is to inhibit enzymes topoisomerase II or DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV. These enzymes are both required for the replication, transcription, repair, and recombination of bacterial DNA.
How to use Cipro
Read the medication guide or information leaflet that comes with the product before using Cipro. Do not take any prescription medication without fully understanding the instructions and drug information printed in the guide. If you need more medical advice or have further queries on this antibacterial drug, you may ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take the tablet orally. This is usually prescribed twice a day, in the morning and the evening. You may take it with or without a meal or as directed by your doctor. Swallow the oral tablet whole and drink plenty of fluids. It is not recommended to cut, chew or crush the tablet because of its bitter taste.
Remember to take this medication exactly as directed. Make a dosing schedule to make sure that you will be able to take your dose on time. Take this prescription drug at least two hours before or six hours after taking medicines or products that may bind to it, including supplements containing iron and zinc, sucralfate, quinapril, sevelamer, or any products that may contain aluminum, calcium, or magnesium. Calcium-rich products, such as milk and other dairy products, can also decrease the effect of this drug.
Do not change your dosing as it depends on your medical condition and response to treatment. Also, keep taking this oral medication based on the length of treatment advised. Do not stop taking it abruptly, for doing so may lead to a return of infection or worsening conditions.
Cipro Side Effects
Common side effects:
- Stomach upset
- Trouble sleeping or insomnia
Mostly, the side effects caused by this oral medication are mild and temporary. However, if the adverse reactions get worse or persist, you may have to hold this medication and consult your doctor or any healthcare professionals. You must also report severe side effects, including:
- Severe dizziness
- Fast or irregular heartbeat
- White patches in the mouth
- High blood sugar
- Changes in urine output
- Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea
- Signs of tear or break in the aorta (severe pain in the stomach/chest/back, shortness of breath, cough)
- Signs of liver disease (persistent vomiting, stomach pain, unusual tiredness, dark urine, yellowish eyes or skin)
- Signs of infection (fever, sore throat, chills)
This is not a full or complete list of Cipro’s side effects.
Before starting to take this medication, you must fully disclose your medical history, including joint/tendon problems, nerve problems, myasthenia gravis, seizures, blood vessel problems, Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, high blood pressure, diabetes, kidney disease, liver disease, and mental or mood disorders. This is because some conditions may affect how you will respond to this drug. Moreover, you should talk about all the prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, supplements, and herbal products you are taking due to possible drug interactions.
Be watchful for an allergic reaction while on this medication. Do not take this fluoroquinolone if you have a known allergy to ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, ofloxacin, gemifloxacin, norfloxacin, other quinolone antibiotics, or any inactive ingredients each tablet may contain. Discontinue medication and immediately call for emergency medical help once you experience signs of hypersensitivity response, such as breathing trouble, severe dizziness, itchiness, swelling, and skin rashes.
This oral antibacterial may cause QT prolongation, which could be a medical emergency. Signs of QT prolongation are irregular heartbeat or palpitations, severe dizziness, and fainting. To avoid this condition, you must stay hydrated and avoid “water pills”/diuretics. You should also monitor for hypomagnesemia (low level of magnesium) and hypokalemia (low level of potassium), for they may also further increase the risk of QT prolongation.
Avoid or limit alcoholic beverage intake while on this treatment. Alcohol may interact with this drug and worsen side effects like dizziness and lightheadedness. You should also practice safety precautions when using machinery, driving, or doing any activities that require alertness.
Do not get vaccinated or immunized, especially with live-attenuated bacteria, while on this treatment. Vaccinations may not work well when it interacts with this fluoroquinolone antibacterial.
You may get more sensitive to the sun while taking this oral drug. Limit your sun exposure and avoid indoor tanning. You should also wear protective clothing and apply sunblock cream when going outdoors.
It is unknown whether this antibiotic could cause harm to pregnant moms and their unborn children. However, this medication is known to cause potential danger to breastfed infants because it could pass into breast milk. Nursing moms should avoid this prescription drug.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is Cipro classification?
This oral drug is classified as fluoroquinolone.
Do doctors prescribe Cipro for pneumonia?
This antibacterial drug is not a drug of choice for pneumonia.
Can Cipro cause diarrhea?
Yes, this drug may cause diarrhea.
Is Cipro effective for UTI?
Although this medication is not a first-choice drug for UTI, it could be effective for such condition.
How much does Cipro cost?
This page contains information on the cost of this drug.
250mg, 500mg, 750mg
Maple Leaf Medications has provided information from third parties intended to increase awareness and does not contain all the information about Cipro (Ciprofloxacin). Talk to your doctor or a qualified medical practitioner for medical attention, advice, or if you have any concerns about Cipro (Ciprofloxacin).