Galvus (Vildagliptin) from Maple Leaf Medications.
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What is Galvus used for?
Galvus, with the generic name vildagliptin, is an oral medication indicated to decrease blood sugar levels or improve glycemic control among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This is usually prescribed along with other antidiabetic agents and proper diet and exercise. By controlling the blood sugar, complications like heart attack, stroke, nerve problems, blindness, loss of limbs, and kidney damage.
This is available in Galvus 50 mg tablet forms.
How does Galvus work?
This dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor works by selectively inhibiting the enzyme that rapidly shortens and inactivates glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) upon their release from the intestinal cells. By inhibiting DPP-4, the half-life of GLP-1 and GIP are prolonged. Thus, increasing the levels of active circulating incretin hormones. Through its action, Galvus could reduce fasting glucose, postprandial glucose, and hba1c.
How to use Galvus
To begin, read the medication guide or information booklet included with this medicine. Do not take any diabetes medication without fully understanding the drug information and warnings in the guide provided. If you need additional medical advice or have further queries regarding the use of this oral drug, you should ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this tablet orally. This is usually prescribed twice daily or as directed by your physician. You may take this medication before, during, or after a meal. Swallow the pill whole and immediately follow with a glass of water.
Remember to take this medication on a regular basis and exactly as directed. To avoid skipping doses, create a dosage regimen. This is normally given twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening. Do not alter your Galvus dosage and frequency as it is based on your medical condition, response to treatment, and other medications you are taking. Also, do not stop taking this medication abruptly because it could lead to worsening conditions.
Note that this antidiabetic agent is only a part of an entire treatment plan. It is just as important to comply with the other medicines and the recommended diet and exercise. Exercise regularly and eat a well-balanced diet.
Side Effects of Galvus
Common side effects:
- gas or flatulence
- weight changes
For the most part, the side effects brought about by this medication are mild and temporary. If the adverse reactions do not resolve or get worse, you should hold this medication for a while and consult your doctor or any healthcare professional. Further, you should report severe side effects, including:
- signs of high blood sugar or hyperglycemia (fruity-smelling breath, increased thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision)
- signs of low blood sugar or hypoglycemia (hunger, irritability, irregular heartbeat, shaking, confusion, tingling, or numbness)
- swelling of the extremities
- severe weakness
This is not a full or complete list of Galvus side effects.
Precautions when using Galvus
Before you start to take this medication, you must disclose your full medical history to your physician. This should include any history of kidney disease, liver disease, or heart failure. Certain diseases or disorders may significantly impact how your body will respond to the medication. Moreover, you should talk about all the prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, herbal products, and supplements you are taking because of the possible drug interactions with this DPP-4 inhibitor.
Keep an eye out for any allergic reactions while on this treatment. Do not take this oral medication if you have a known allergy to vildagliptin or any inactive ingredients each tablet may contain. Signs of severe hypersensitivity are hives/itchiness, red patches on the skin, severe dizziness, swelling of the face and neck, and difficulty breathing. When this happens, discontinue the medication and alert your local medical emergency line.
Among the adverse effects of this medication are headache and dizziness. These reactions could be triggered or aggravated by alcohol. Limit or control the number of alcoholic beverages you consume. You should also practice safety precautions when doing activities that require alertness, such as operating machinery and driving.
Pregnancy may worsen or cause diabetes. Consult your doctor for any possible changes in your treatment plan. Breastfeeding moms should take this medication only when clearly necessary.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is Galvus effective for type 1 diabetes?
This diabetes drug is not indicated for type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis.
How long should I take Galvus?
This medication is considered a maintenance drug. Talk to your healthcare provider regarding your length of treatment.
Does Galvus cause weight gain?
Yes, this drug may cause weight gain.
Is Galvus safe for the elderly?
Yes, this is a safe & effective treatment for the elderly with type 2 diabetes.
How much does Galvus cost?
You may check Galvus price from this page.
Maple Leaf Medications has provided information from third parties intended to increase awareness and does not contain all the information about Galvus (Vildagliptin). Talk to your doctor or a qualified medical practitioner for medical attention, advice, or if you have any concerns about Galvus (Vildagliptin).