Viread, with the generic name tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, is an oral medication indicated to treat HIV-1 infection along with other antiretroviral agents on adults and children 2 years of age and above. It decreases the chance of getting HIV complications, such as infections and cancer. It is also employed in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B.
This nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) works by blocking the enzyme called reverse transcriptase, which is necessary for viral production in HIV-infected people. It then decreases viral replication and helps the immune system work well.
Viread dose and how to use
Viread is available in 300 mg tablet. To begin, read the medication information booklet included with this medicine. Do not take this antiviral drug if you haven’t fully understood the drug information and instructions in the guide provided. If you need further medical advice or have queries regarding this treatment, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take the Viread orally. You can take it with or without food, or as recommended by your doctor. Swallow the tablet and drink a glass of water afterward. This medication is usually prescribed once daily. However, your Viread dose and frequency will depend on your medical condition, response to treatment, kidney function, and for children, weight.
Remember to take Viread oral drug regularly to achieve the best results. Make a dosing schedule and make sure not to skip any doses. Never increase your dose or take it more often unless advised by your physician. More importantly, do not stop taking Viread even for a short time. Changing or skipping your dose may increase the virus and make it more difficult to treat.
Viread side effects
Common side effects
Insomnia or trouble sleeping
In most cases, the side effects caused by Viread are mild and are expected to disappear even without intervention. If any adverse reactions get worse or do not resolve, contact your doctor or any healthcare provider. You also have to report severe side effects, including:
Signs of hyperthyroidism (bulging eyes, goiter, irritability, heat intolerance, palpitation)
Signs of Guillain-Barre syndrome (breathing difficulty, trouble moving the eyes, drooping face, paralysis, trouble speaking)
Signs of lactic acidosis (shortness of breath, cramps, rapid and shallow breathing, burning sensation in the muscles)
Signs of kidney problems (change in urinary output, dark urine)
Mental or mood changes
This is not a complete or full list of Viread side effects.
Precautions when taking Viread
Prior to initiation, you have to fully disclose your medical history to your physician, especially pancreatitis, bone problems, alcohol abuse, kidney problems, and liver problems, such as hepatitis or cirrhosis. Some diseases or disorders may greatly impact how your body will respond to this drug. You also have to tell your doctor about the supplements, herbal products, prescription drugs, and nonprescription drugs you are taking since they might have drug interactions with tenofovir.
Be watchful for an allergic reaction while on this treatment. Do not take this oral medication if you have a known allergy to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate or any inactive ingredients each tablet may contain. Discontinue this medication and seek medical emergency management once you observe signs of hypersensitivity, such as hives, swelling of the face and neck, skin rashes, severe dizziness, and breathing difficulty.
Limit or, if possible, avoid alcohol while taking this medication because it could further increase the risk of liver problems and pancreatitis. Additionally, alcohol could also worsen side effects like dizziness and headache. You should also exercise caution when driving, using machinery, or doing anything that requires alertness.
This medication may be necessary for pregnant women with HIV as this drug could lower the risk of passing HIV infection to the unborn child. Use this medication with special precaution and only if necessary.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is this medication effective for hepatitis B?
For adults, it is safe and effective to use Viread hepatitis B.
What is the difference between Viread and Vemlidy?
On Viread vs Vemlidy, the latter is only indicated for hepatitis b, while the former could be used for hepatitis b and HIV.
What is the difference between Viread and Baraclude?
On Baraclude vs Viread, both are NRTIs, but Baraclude is potentially harmful to pregnant women and unborn babies.
Can this medication cause hair loss?
Hair loss is not among the identified side effects of tenofovir.
Can I purchase this medication online?
If you have valid prescription from your physician, you can purchase this medication from our website.
Maple Leaf Medications has provided information from third parties intended to increase awareness and does not contain all the information about Viread (Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate). Talk to your doctor or a qualified medical practitioner for medical attention, advice, or if you have any concerns about Viread (Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate).