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Thyroid MedicationLearn All About Thyroid Medication for People With Low or HyperActive Thyroid
Thyroid Issues and DiagnosisYour thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland at the back of your neck, just in front of your windpipe (trachea). It produces important hormones which regulate your body temperature, heart rate and other bodily functions. The main two most common thyroid issues are an underactive or an overactive thyroid.
Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)When a person’s thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones they have an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism). Common signs of underactive thyroid are tiredness, feeling depressed and gaining weight. Hormone tablets can be taken to replace the hormones which are not being made by the thyroid and this is the most common form of treatment. Sometimes the immune system attacks a person’s thyroid gland causing damage which causes or worsens this condition. Treatment for thyroid cancer can also cause an underactive thyroid.
Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)When a person’s thyroid gland produces too much of certain hormones it’s known as an overactive thyroid. It is also known as hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis. Anyone can have an overactive thyroid but the disease is more common in women aged between 20 and 40.
Thyroid Medication and Treatment Types
Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)There are lots of medicines known as thioamides which are usually prescribed to treat an overactive thyroid. They stop your thyroid from producing the excess hormones which cause the condition. Patients often have to take the medicine for 1 - 2 months before they notice any benefit. Beta-blockers are often also prescribed to give the patient some relief in the meantime.
Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)If you’re diagnosed with Hypothyroidism you will probably have to take thyroid medication for the rest of your life. Those with an underactive thyroid need to boost the volume of certain hormones in their system consistently to feel relief from their symptoms.
Thyroid Facts & FiguresThe American Thyroid Association have published some interesting facts about Thyroid Disease. Did you know?
- An estimated 20 million Americans have some form of thyroid disease
- Up to 60 per cent of those with thyroid disease are unaware of their condition
- Women are five to eight times more likely than men to have thyroid problems
- One woman in eight will develop a thyroid disorder during her lifetime
- Most thyroid cancers respond to treatment, although a small percentage can be very aggressive
- The causes of thyroid problems are largely unknown
- Undiagnosed thyroid disease may put patients at risk for certain serious conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis and infertility
- Pregnant women with undiagnosed or inadequately treated hypothyroidism have an increased risk of miscarriage, preterm delivery, and severe developmental problems in their children
- Most thyroid diseases are life-long conditions that can be managed with medical attention